[51], On 9 March 2020, the RF-4 was retired after 45 years in JASDF service. Talks were underway to replace them with Eurofighter Typhoon aircraft,[50] since the sale of the American F-22 Raptor was blocked by U.S. export restrictions. A total of 12 F-4Fs were initially modified for dual controls and were later de-modified. ", "Arabian Aerospace - Phantom wing finally re-equipped with F-16s", German air force to bid 'Pharewell' to last F-4Fs, U.S.: Iran launches airstrikes against IS in Iraq, "McDonnell F-4 Phantom: Essential Aircraft in the Air Warfare in the Middle East - HistoryNet", "McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom - Development. [59][62], Further F-4 deliveries took place in October 1978, with the addition of four F-4Cs and four RF-4Cs. The final batch of 40 F-4Es were cancelled when a PASOK government was elected in 1981. The Phantom II was exported to 11 other nations, and continues to serve in a military role in some parts of the world. The last of these was the 5,068th F-4 built in St. Louis. A second batch of F-4Es plus two extra aircraft were delivered in 1976, followed by a final batch in 1978–79. [23], The last batch of 40 Phantoms was not delivered due to the political situation in Greece, but with the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and the US-led Operation Desert Storm liberation, the situation changed. Greece upgraded 39 to Peace Icarus 2000 standard. Le migliori offerte per F-4 PHANTOM II GERMANY Luftwaffe McDonnell Douglas F-4F German AirForce Sticker sono su eBay Confronta prezzi e caratteristiche di prodotti nuovi e … 82 Wing's aircrew were to be converted to the F-111). In June 2007, Lockheed Martin announced that the company has been awarded a contract to equip several F-15 Eagles with synthetic aperture radar pods. [34] About 220 F-4Es and RF-4Es were delivered to Israel between 1969 and 1976 under U.S. aid programs, and served with the Tsvah Haganah le Israel/Heyl Ha'Avir (Israeli Air Force). [59][61], In Spanish Air Force use, the F-4Cs were designated "C.12" (C stood for "Caza" and 12 stood for "12th fighter type in service since the creation of the Ejército del Aire"). The German Air Force (Luftwaffe) operated a total of 175 F-4Fs, 10 F-4Es (for training at U.S. airfields) and 88 RF-4Es making it one of the most prolific Phantom customers. [18] The review resulted in F-4F ICE being completed. To correct the situation, Egypt considered selling some of the F-4s to Turkey and buying extra General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcons. Aeromaster 148-019: Luftwaffe F-4 Phantom Stencils In 1972, with eight Phantoms per month being delivered, Aufklärungsgeschwader 51 "Immelmann" equipped with the RF-4, followed by AG 52, based at Leck. At least one F-4E flew in combat still bearing a U.S. tail code, while others stayed painted in USAF camouflage patterns. Among these, there are still some original F-4Ds updated with improved avionics, including limited look-down radar. The Turkish F-4 fleet was enhanced with 15 secondhand US aircraft delivered in 1981 to Filo 173 and finally, another 15 delivered in 1984 to replace fleet losses. This made the targets difficult for the small Iraqi air force to destroy. The Phantom II entered service with the U.S. military in 1960 and served until 1996. [81][82] Calls to scrap the F-4s and replace them with the fifth generation F-35s were renewed. ", "Syrian military says it downed Turkish fighter jet. The first of these arrived in March 1971. What others are saying. The 113 Filo replaced their even older RF-84Fs with eight RF-4Es. [6], Under the September 1977 Peace Pharaoh agreement, 35 ex-31 TFW F-4Es along with a number of Sparrow, Sidewinder and Maverick missiles were supplied to the EAF for US$594 million and served with 76 and 78 Squadrons of the 222 Fighter Regiment. Fleet Air Arm Phantoms were fitted with a double-telescoping front landing gear strut that could extend 40 in (102 cm), the increased angle of attack being necessary for catapult launches from the smaller British carriers. AG 51 received Panavia Tornados as a replacement, while AG 52 was disbanded.[12]. The model requested was designated the F-4K by McDonnell Douglas and received the British service designation Phantom FG.1. These aircraft were flown directly to Israel, some by U.S. pilots. Take a shot! It was reported that the Turks defeated the Chinese aircraft in air combat exercises. According to Reuters, a portion of the exercise included mock aerial combat between Turkish F-4s and Russian-built Su-27s of the Chinese military. So a demand was placed for new camouflage. To upgrade the Phantom fleet the JASDF planned the F-4EJ Kai (Japanese for "modified") program. Israel employed three F-4E(S), which were equipped with a special high-altitude camera system (HIAC) for reconnaissance missions. Spain has employed F-4Cs as spares since 1989. Edwin, you seem to be very knowledgeable on t... Hi I recently found a photo of a Sunderland t... Hi Nico Alternative SKUs for Caracal Models CD48136: 48136 | CARCD48136. [34][46], By the end of the 20th Century there were still 112 F-4s serving with the IDF, in three Squadrons: the 119, 142 and 201. The first six F-111Cs were delivered in June 1973, and the rest of the F-4Es were returned to the United States Air Force. Aeromaster 48-558 for the Brit F-4 Phantom II. [73] The Turkish release suggested that the Turkish government did not immediately view the Syrian action as provocative, and it acknowledged that Syrian assets were assisting efforts to find the aircraft and crew. In 1973, under the “Peace Rhine” program, the Luftwaffe purchased the F-4F (a lightened and simplified version of the F-4E) which was upgraded in the mid-1980s. Despite their age and the lack of combat slats these aircraft served well until being phased out in January 1991 in favour of surplus Phantom FGR.2s, before the Phantom was finally retired in 1992.[97]. This involved endless alarms to intercept "Bear" and other Soviet aircraft approaching British airspace, the North Sea and over Germany. ", "Mass Killing Reported In Syria Apparently a Rebel Ambush. Another reason was that Iranian air bases had been built for USAF deployment in case of war with the Soviet Union. Feb 24, 2018 - Photo report featuring the F-4 Phantoms in the early years of West Germany's Air Force service when the F-4F replaced the F-104G Starfighters. Che mi seguono 0. The remaining F-4F wings were disbanded without replacement during the 1990s and early 2000s. Since the development of the F-111 was plagued with many setbacks, it was expected that the order for the RAAF would not be ready before 1974, leaving the Australian air force short of a suitable aircraft. In March 1963, McDonnell Douglas offered to provide the RAAF with a modified version of the F-4C, the model 98DX, fitted with SNECMA Atar 9 engines. 19, 23, 29, 56 and 92 Squadrons.[92]. 24 German F-4F Phantom IIs were operated by the 49th Tactical Fighter Wing of the USAF at Holloman AFB to train Luftwaffe crews until December 2004. Operationally, the F-4Fs used by JG 71 and JG 74 were employed in the air-to-air role, while those used by JaboG 35 and 36 were used in air-to-air and air-to-ground roles.[13]. A proposal made by DASA was evaluated that would have included installation of the APG-66 radar and AMRAAM missiles. The contract included industrial offsets for German industry, particularly production work for Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm who manufactured and supplied F-4 components to McDonnell Douglas' Phantom production facility in St. The first 26 aircraft were rebuilt in Israel, and the other 28 in Turkey. The RF-4Es were employed as day/night reconnaissance aircraft, equipped with four cameras covering 180 degrees. [28], The Nirouye Havai Shahanshahiye Iran (Imperial Iranian Air Force) enjoyed more attention from Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi than any other military branch. [34], Japan selected the F-4 Phantom II as its new fighter at the end of the 1960s. [citation needed], The U.S. did not have enough RF-4s to sell to meet international demands, so when the German Air Force phased out their remaining 88 RF-4Es during 1992–93, 32 were delivered to the THK in 1992–94. By 1992, there were four squadrons equipped with 73 F-4Es and 5 RF-4Es: the 348th and 337th squadrons in Larissa with the 110th Combat Wing, and 338th and 339th squadrons at Andravida with the 117th Combat Wing. The next 11 aircraft were assembled in Japan and the first Japanese-built example flew on 12 May 1972. The German Air Force (Luftwaffe) initially ordered the reconnaissance RF-4E in 1969, receiving a total of 88 aircraft from January 1971. The lack of AMRAAMs was a serious handicap and the MiG 29s were retained for longer than had been planned. In 1982, an AIM-9-armed Phantom FGR.2 returning from a Quick Reaction Alert over Germany accidentally shot down a Royal Air Force Jaguar GR.1.[93]. The aircraft had the capability to develop photos in flight and then drop them using special cartridges. The bombing system was the anglicized version of the Lear/Siegler AN/ABJ-7. [97], They entered service with No. [citation needed], Peace Diamond IV was another program to reinforce the THK and was carried out between June and October 1987. This was reconsidered due to the cost of that version and instead, under the Peace Rhine program, the Luftwaffe purchased the F-4F, which was based on the F-4E. The aircraft entered service from 1969 onwards with Nos. After the conversion it became an operational formation. Iran, with few fiscal restraints, followed that up with an order for 177 F-4Es. The German RF-4E was equipped similarly to the USAF RF-4Cs, using the latest F-4E airframe and more-powerful engines. Aeromaster 48-574 for the Brit F-4 Phantom II. 74 Squadron RAF (Tiger Squadron), based at RAF Wattisham in the air-defence role. This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 14:19. Kennedy. The RF-4E had started replacing the RF-104G in the two Luftwaffe Aufklärungsgeschwader (reconnaissance wings) AG 51 and AG 52 in 1971. However, assistance from U.S. advisors in 1985 made it possible to reach a reasonable serviceability rate, and in 1988 another seven F-4s were delivered. [21], At the end of the 1960s, the Hellenic Air Force (PA - Polemikí Aeroporía) embarked upon a modernization program by ordering 40 Dassault Mirage F.1s and a total of 56 F-4Es along with six RF-4Es. These were similar to the RF-4C, but, as for the F-4EJs, Japanese-built radar warning receivers and other equipment were substituted to replace equipment which was not released for export to Japan. This was intended to provide for two squadrons each of 12 aircraft to be operated from Eagle and Ark Royal, both of which were to be heavily modified. Although they were officially designated as the Phantom F.3, this was rarely used, instead being generally referred to as the F-4J(UK). Earlier, the Americans had offered to sell 48 aircraft, including RF-4Es if the RAAF had cancelled the F-111C. This also simplified the training of RAF crews as slats were not fitted to other RAF Phantoms. German F-4Fs flew 279,000 hours from entering service on 31 August 1973 until retirement. [13] There were special flares for night use and two night/all-weather reconnaissance systems. In this short time, the air force had already passed through two generations of jet combat aircraft, having bought the North American F-86 Sabre and the Lockheed F-104 Starfighter. [9][10] As of 2018 the two squadrons of F-4s are retired and are in storage/reserve. In the 1980s, the Tornado started to replace the Phantom in the air-defence role. Initially, the ICE upgrades were intended only for the interceptor wings, but more were upgraded due to delays in the Eurofighter Typhoon program. [70], At the end of the 20th century, the following THK units operated Phantoms:[70], Following cancellation of the supersonic V/STOL Hawker Siddeley P.1154, the Royal Navy selected the Phantom as a replacement for the Supermarine Scimitar and de Havilland Sea Vixen. The 501st at that time operated the RF-4E. Take a shot! During this opening phase a pair of Phantoms managed to shoot down seven Egyptian aircraft, and others shot down five Mil Mi-8s carrying assault troops over the Sinai desert. [34], Some aerial maneuvers were believed to fool the SA-6 systems and these were used while the IDF waited for better ECM weapons. German Pride Aufkleber. At that time, it was hoped that the AIM-120 could be received by 2005 and then there were only funds for 96 missiles with an option for 288 more. It was equipped with air combat maneuvering leading edge slats and had a higher thrust to weight ratio, approaching 1:1 when fuel was low. The upgraded aircraft first flew on 15 July 1987 and was formally accepted on 11 August 1987. The F-4EJ Kai upgrade added several other air-to-surface weapons to the F-4, including bombs and rockets. Your email address will not be published. ", "Lockheed Martin to Upgrade Radar for Reconnaissance Version of Japan's F-15.". With these improvements, the F-4 ICE and F-4G "Wild Weasel" will remain an effective fighter well into the 21st century. The Luftwaffe signed a contract with McDonnell Douglas for 88 RF-4Es in 1968; at the time the biggest order outside the USAF. Designed and Sold by PzD501. This upgrade included installation of a wide-angle Kaiser HUD, a digital mission computer and some structural improvements. Luftwaffe Phantoms in Special Markings. To support them a fleet of three KC-97Ls was acquired in 1972, equipping Escuadrón 123, being replaced by KC-130Hs (which equipped Escuadrón 301) from January 1976. The two RAF squadrons converted to the Tornado F.3 in 1989 when the FG.1s were withdrawn from service. The United States confirmed the attack several days later, but Iran did not confirm or deny Iranian airstrikes had taken place; both denied they coordinated any sort of air attack against IS forces in Iraq. In 1992, the first batch of six upgraded aircraft was delivered to JG 71 (Fighter Wing 71), but the AIM-120 AMRAAM missiles were not available at that time. This involved 110 aircraft, later reduced to 96, which were upgraded with APG-66 radar, ground attack capabilities and most importantly, ASM-1 or ASM-2 anti-ship missiles (two mounted under the wings). The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II is a tandem two-seat, twin-engine, all-weather, long-range supersonic jet interceptor and fighter-bomber originally developed for the United States Navy by McDonnell Aircraft. Seoul ordered 18 ex-USAF F-4Ds, which were quickly delivered under the Peace Spectator program. The Syrian Armed Forces made a statement carried by the official Syrian Arab News Agency crediting its antiaircraft gunners with downing an unidentified aircraft flying at "very low altitude and at high speed" over Syria's territorial waters toward land less than a mile offshore, causing it to crash into the sea west of the village of Om al-Tuyour. After these attacks against strategic targets, the F-4s struck tactical battlefield targets, destroying many Iraqi armored vehicles. A four-ship flight of RF-4Es and RF-4EJs from 501 Hikōtai performed a ceremonial flypast, which included aircraft serial 47-6901, the first RF-4E built for Japan and the first to be handed over. In 1975, Germany also received 10 F-4Es for training in the U.S. "Turkish F-4 Phantoms defeated Chinese Su-27s in exercises. As a consequence, 20 of the Fleet Air Arm's FG.1s were diverted to the Royal Air Force to equip 43 Squadron at RAF Leuchars in the air-defence role. Recensioni in-box. U.S. President Richard Nixon authorized the delivery of 36 ex-USAF F-4s under Operation Nickel Grass, from the USAF 4th and 401st Tactical Fighter Wings. [45], The planned program to replace the original J79 engines with the Pratt & Whitney PW1120 was cancelled, but the fleet was updated to Kurnass 2000 standards. [8] While further purchases of F-4s and upgrades were considered, these plans were rejected in favour of additional orders for F-16s. The new SA-6 Gainful surface-to-air missile (SAM) system and the radar-guided ZSU-23-4 Shilka self-propelled anti-aircraft guns (SPAAGs) were much more effective than the old SA-2 Guideline. Louis. Units equipped with F-4F included Jagdgeschwader 71 "Richthofen", Wittmund, commencing in May 1974, and Jagdgeschwader 74 "Mölders", Neuburg an der Donau, September 1975. Luftwaffe F4 Phantom Photo Report Air Planes Paper Models Military Aircraft Air Force Fighter Jets Wings. [30], The Iraqi air force performed a very deep strike of more than 837 km (520 mi) inside Iran, but this small formation was intercepted by two Iranian F-4s and one or two MiGs were lost. This together with the low number of procured AIM-120Bs (only 96, because Germany has ordered the MBDA Meteor, which however will not be available until 2013) and the outdated APG-65 radar made it a rather defensive system. Although not deployed in a war role RAF Phantoms were involved in air-defence duties on Quick Reaction Alert. Crews liked the aircraft, and generally rated them better than the Spey-equipped FGR.2s. [29], In 1970, the first reconnaissance RF-4Es were delivered. Service with the Fleet Air Arm was brief, with 892 NAS operating from Ark Royal from 12 June 1970 to 27 November 1978. Let Let Let – Warplanes. The Iranian forces surprised him and fought back effectively. [36] Late June and early July 1970 was a difficult time for the new F-4s, with two shot down by SAMs on 30 June, another on 5 July and two on 18 July. The costs sustained in the upgrades had incurred a delay in AMRAAM acquisition. While the KC-97s were fitted with a flying boom refuelling system, the Hercules that replaced them were fitted with the probe and drogue system and so could not refuel the F-4s. Divenuto nel corso della sua lunga vita operativa una delle icone della superiorità aerea americana durante la Guerra del Vietnam e nel periodo della Guerra fredda, è ancora in servizio presso alcune forze aeree. [citation needed], Due to battlefield and accidental losses and the lack of spare parts, by the mid-1980s there were just 20–30 Iranian Phantoms still flying. The next day, at Bremgarten, the aircraft was accepted by the Inspekteur der Luftwaffe ("Inspector of the Luftwaffe", Gunther Rall.[14]. The RF-4E acquisition was the result of the recognition that the very limited capabilities of the RF-104G were no longer adequate in the context of the NATO “flexible response” doctri… The original plan was to upgrade 75 F-4Fs, but the number was increased to 110 in the late 1980s. The Iraqi invasion was stopped within several weeks. [64], This batch of RF-4Cs was updated to the highest USAF standard prior to delivery and had a completely revised avionic suite, including new radios, RWR, VOR and ILS navigation equipment and KS-86 cameras. One of the most prominent Phantom users is the Turkish Air Force ("Türk Hava Kuvvetleri" or THK), which operates about 233 F-4s. 1 and 6 Squadrons, both based at RAAF Base Amberley. Some of the maneuvers were quite effective, but the SA-6 threat was only reduced on 9 October 1973 when A-4s surprised many SA-6 batteries without their missiles ready to fire and destroyed them. Filo 111, 112, 113, all based on JAB 1, Eskişehir, were the new Phantom units. First units to disband were the RAF Wildenrath-based 19 and 92 Squadrons, which were the last air defence units to serve in RAF Germany, followed by 56 Squadron in May 1992. [91], With the cancellation of home-grown programmes and the need to replace the Hawker Hunter and English Electric Canberra in the ground-attack and tactical reconnaissance roles, the RAF ordered 118 aircraft in 1965. [56] ALQ-131 electronic countermeasures pods were also delivered. The Yom Kippur War started with Egyptian and Syrian air strikes on Israel. New camouflage pattern was named Norm 81 and it came at the same time when the Phantoms were upgraded. The aircraft were totally overhauled at Naval Air Station North Island and fitted with AWG-10B radar (having Skyflash missile guidance capability, with monopulse I band sensor), smokeless engines and provision for Skyflash missiles. [24], There were many differences between the batches supplied to the Hellenic Air Force. [70], Many of the Turkish Phantoms are used as ground attack aircraft, a role they performed well due to the systems installed. The Al Quwwat al Jawwiya il Misriya (Egyptian Air Force or EAF) encountered Israeli F-4s during fighting between the two states, especially during the later stages of the War of Attrition and the 1973 Yom Kippur War. Through the Mutual Defense Aid Program (MDAP), Spain acquired 36 ex-USAF F-4Cs for the Ejército del Aire (Spanish Air Force). [24], One of the first measures taken by the PA was to increase the number of reconnaissance RF-4Es in their fleet, to augment the existing six. Leeuwarden Opendag 15-09-11; F4 Phantom Luftwaffe Arrival. [5], In 1972 the United States offered to sell the leased aircraft to Australia. Nota: Prezzi e disponibilità sono solo indicazioni. [7] Initially, Egyptian ground crews found their maintenance far more complex than required for Soviet aircraft and consequently there was an average of only nine F-4s serviceable during 1982, a 26% serviceability rate. This latter was a mixed unit, sent to Preschen airbase and had one staffel of F-4s and one with MiG-29s. [8], By the end of the 1990s, three aircraft had crashed but were replaced with three others. [26], In 1993 the PA called for a major electronic upgrade for the F-4 fleet, involving the replacement of the APQ-120 with a new AMRAAM-capable system. [citation needed], With this last batch of F-4s and plans to acquire F-16 Fighting Falcons, the THK was quickly being modernized. [12], Phase 1 of ICE commenced in 1989–90 and included upgrades such as the ALR-68 Radar warning receiver, the Honeywell H-423 laser gyro inertial navigation system, the GEC Avionics CPU-143/A digital central air data computer, and the Mil Std 1553R digital data bus. [19] JG 73 retired its last F-4F in 2002 and replaced it with Eurofighters in 2003, while the last F-4F left JG-74 in March 2008. The F-111C program was resumed in December 1971. [76] On 24 June, wreckage of the F-4 was located in Syrian waters, but the crew had not been found. The SA-6 uses semi-active radar homing and was paired with the 1S91 "Straight Flush" fire control and guidance radar, which operates in the G, H, I and J bands, making it very difficult to jam with the AN/ALQ-87 ECM pods that were supplied by the Americans prior to the conflict. [34] By 22 October, the new aircraft were in operation, attacking Egyptian targets. Weapons used on the F-4F included the Mk 82 retarded bomb, BL755 cluster bomb unit and AIM-9 Sidewinders. [90] These aircraft were modified to enable them to carry the SUU-23/A gun pods. Training in Europe was limited to a minimum of 500 ft (150 m) altitude, with special ranges permitting flight as low as 200 ft (60 m). The man saw a jet coming at him at high speed and low altitude and opened fire, Makdissi said. Phantom units “Richthofen” and “Mölders” were used to test this new camouflage. This was only the beginning of South Korean F-4 acquisitions, as more ex-USAF F-4Es were delivered in the next few years, giving a total of 103 F-4Es. 892 NAS commissioned with the Phantom in 1969, and embarked in Ark Royal for the first time in 1970, making the Fleet Air Arm the only naval air arm outside the United States to operate the Phantom from the deck of an aircraft carrier. [34], Peace Echo IV brought another 52 F-4s to the IDF, 24 of which were ex-USAF. [11], The German Air Force (Luftwaffe) operated a total of 175 F-4Fs, 10 F-4Es (for training at U.S. airfields) and 88 RF-4Es making it one of the most prolific Phantom customers.[12]. It was fitted with an AN/AWG-12 radar and fire-control system, similar to the AN/AWG-11 but without the ability to fold the radome and antenna back to enable the aircraft to fit the lifts on an aircraft carrier, and Martin-Baker Mk.H5 ejection seats. The 337th "Ghost" Squadron was equipped in 1978, giving up their Northrop F-5As. Excellent stuff! Luftwaffe: F4 Phantom (Sonderlackierung) Report. The radar was also praised: "engines are good and the radar is excellent" in the words of a pilot. In August 1995, after a hotly contested competition with DASA (F-4 ICE), IAI was awarded a USD600M contract to upgrade 54 F-4Es to Phantom 2000s. German F-4F Phantoms flew 279,000 hours from entering service on 31 August 1973 to retirement on 29 June 2013. It first entered service in 1961 with the Navy. L'elevata flessibilità del progetto ha permesso l'evoluzione del Phantom fino ad includere versio… [12], On 16 January 1971 the first RF-4E, dubbed the "Spirit of St. Louis", flew from the U.S. to Spain and finally onto Germany. The Air Force had already been forced to cancel an order for F-18s, which had been the winner of their new fighter competition and instead bought F-16 Fighting Falcons.